Integrated Water Resources Management - IWRM

IWRM is the coordinated development and management of water and related resources in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. (Global Water Partnership 2000).

The SMART research project had the goal of developing an transferable approach for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in the water shortage region of the Lower Jordan Valley. In this context the following questions played a central role: How to increase the water availability and water quality in the catchment area of the Lower Jordan River without endanger vital ecosystems and social and economical welfare? Which innovative technologies, decision support systems and management strategies can be applied in a reasonable and effective way for a sustainable use of water resources?

Main Objectives

The strategic objective of the second phase of SMART (SMART II) was to improve the scientific background and to provide methodologies and implement demonstration pilots for the large deployment of water new utilization and management technologies in the project area, including the large scale deployment of wastewater treatment, the desalination of brackish water and the conjugate use of water resources of different qualities in order to increase the available water yield and ensure the durability of their utilization. Implementation and demonstrations activities had been emphasized alongside research and development, and dissemination and capacity building activities.

The following publications summarize the research efforts briefly:

Summarizing Project Reports

Follow-up project


Project Reports / Deliverables